High levels of ketones in urine – medical information for every day
High urine ketones (known as diabetic ketoacidosis) is a serious complication of diabetes or pregnancy, a specific type of acid secreted by the body when burning fats and proteins needed for energy, and in case of an increase in the percentage and ESR in the blood, the blood becomes more acidic Which puts a person’s life at risk. High ketones in urine .
What are the causes of high ketone levels in urine?
There are several reasons that can lead to high levels of ketones in the blood and urine, including the following:
low insulin levels
Sometimes the level of insulin in the blood decreases, causing a significant rise in the level of sugar and the cells cannot absorb this level of sugar, and thus the body burns fats and proteins to produce the energy that the body needs, and as a result, if this process continues to burn these fats, Ketones are released, which can cause ketones to build up in the blood and spurt for a while.
You have an illness or infection
One of the reasons that can lead to high levels of ketones in the urine is infection or disease that affects a person, which leads to increased levels of cortisol or adrenaline in the body, as these hormones affect how to resist the effects of insulin in the body. the blood. This leads to high levels of ketones in the blood and urine. Examples of these disorders are urinary tract infections or pneumonia.
There are several other reasons for high levels of ketones in urine, including the following:
- Use drugs or drink alcohol.
- Having a heart attack.
- The stress of psychological trauma.
- Take some diuretics or corticosteroids.
What are the symptoms of high ketone levels in the urine?
There are a few symptoms that a person with high ketone levels in their urine will experience, including the following:
- Frequent vomiting for hours and an inability to tolerate food or liquids.
- Nausea and abdominal pain.
- Significantly elevated blood sugar level with no response to insulin.
- High levels of ketones in the urine.
- feel depressed
- The smell of fruit smells like fruit.
- breathing difficulties.
If you measure your blood sugar and find that the result is more than 300 mg/dL, especially if this result is accompanied by excessive thirst and frequent urination, or if there are ketones in your urine, you should see your doctor immediately to find out what to do. Do and if you cannot communicate with the doctor, go to the hospital.
How to prevent the high proportion of ketones in the urine?
Now that I’ve explained the causes of high ketones in urine, here are some ways you can prevent it:
Regulating blood sugar levels
Controlling blood sugar levels helps in controlling ketone levels, and this can be achieved by sticking to the schedule of medications, especially insulin and its doses, and following a healthy diet that includes foods useful for diabetes in addition to containing exercise, and the patient must constantly monitor the level of sugar in the blood If it exceeds the normal rate, it must be reduced.
Checking the level of ketones in the urine
Anyone can check urine ketone levels with over-the-counter ketone tests, which are glucose strips that can be used to determine the level of ketones in the urine. If they are moderate or high, they should consult a doctor immediately.
Finally after explaining the causes of high urine ketones, what are its symptoms and how to prevent it, it is important to consult your doctor about your diet so that it suits your medications and if you have any concerns you should speak with your doctor