How to treat type 1 diabetes
Dear reader, if you want to know how to treat type 1 diabetes in different ways, what is the latest treatment for diabetes and is there a definitive cure for it? Keep reading the following article lines to find out the answer.
Treat type 1 diabetes with insulin
Insulin is one of the basic methods of treating type 1 diabetes, and its speed of action varies, as it can start after about a quarter of an hour of use, and it lasts for hours, and some types may take longer to show their effect and work. Extended over a long period of up to 24 hours, insulin is available in several forms:
- They inject insulin and allow the patient to inject themselves.
- An insulin pump through which insulin can be inhaled.
In general, the doctor will choose the right type for you, and you can discuss the choice with him. There are different types of insulin depending on how it works:
- short-acting insulin (natural)
- Fast-acting insulin.
- Intermediate-acting insulin.
- Long-acting insulin.
Insulin is used by injection or as a pump because taking it orally breaks down the insulin and prevents it from doing its job.
Healthy diet and carbohydrate control
It is important to follow a diet based on foods that are rich in nutrients and low in fat and fiber such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It is best to reduce your intake of animal products or refined carbohydrates such as white bread and sweets.
Treat type 1 diabetes with exercise
Exercise is not a cure for diabetes, but it can help prevent many serious complications, and there are many factors to consider before exercising.
Make sure you get at least 150 minutes of exercise during the week, make sure you don’t go two days without exercising, and for children, allow at least one hour per day of physical activity.
Exercise is an important part of treating type 1 diabetes, but you need to:
- Balance your insulin dose with your exercise food.
- Check your blood sugar before, during and after exercise, monitor your blood sugar so it doesn’t drop too low, and be careful about how you eat the correct meal as directed by your doctor.
- Learn about the effect of foods on your blood sugar.
- Learn how to keep your blood sugar levels at normal levels.
- The need to monitor blood sugar levels, which can be up to 4 times a day or more.
Treatment of type 1 diabetes with medication
In addition to the previous treatments, the doctor may prescribe some important medications during the treatment journey, which are:
- High blood pressure medications: Such as ACE inhibitors and high blood pressure medications are intended for diabetics who have high blood pressure.
- Aspirin: A doctor can prescribe it for people who are prone to cardiovascular diseases.
- Cholesterol-lowering drugs: high cholesterol is a risk factor, so required levels must be maintained more often.
The Food and Drug Administration approved the first artificial pancreas for 14-year-olds with type 1 diabetes, and a second artificial pancreas was approved in 2019.
It should be noted that several artificial pancreas systems are currently undergoing clinical trials.
Can type 1 diabetes be permanently treated?
There is currently no definitive cure for type 1 diabetes. Currently, the above treatments are used, which a doctor will prescribe based on the correct situation and application, but many people around the world with diabetes do not worry if the directions are followed.
Risks of developing type 1 diabetes with treatment
The insulin you receive must be balanced with the amount of carbohydrates you eat each day, and if this is not balanced, it may have a negative effect on you.
- Having a heart attack.
- blood vessel damage;
- kidney damage;
- Poor blood flow to the feet, which can sometimes lead to non-healing ulcers that require amputation.
- Brain attack.
The definitive treatment for type 1 diabetes has yet to be determined, but you can avoid complications by eating healthy, taking medication regularly, exercising, and accurately measuring your blood sugar levels at the same time.