Symptoms of iodine deficiency .. 10 important signs and risk factors for infection
Iodine is an essential mineral commonly found in seafood, and is an important part of the thyroid gland to produce its hormones. But what happens in the body if in the long run it does not get the daily amount it needs? Any of the symptoms of iodine deficiency in the body? Who are the people most at risk of developing this condition? Is iodine deficiency common or rare? We will answer these questions in this article, dear reader.
What does iodine deficiency mean?
Symptoms of iodine deficiency are similar to symptoms of hypothyroidism , or low thyroid hormones, and the presence of iodine in the production and function of thyroid hormones means iodine deficiency does not produce enough hormones, which leads to hypothyroidism, and iodine deficiency occurs when it occurs in the body. Not getting enough of them to eat.
Symptoms of iodine deficiency
There are many symptoms that are due to iodine deficiency in the body, and as mentioned earlier, they are also symptoms of hypothyroidism caused by iodine deficiency. Symptoms of iodine deficiency include:
swelling in the neck
Anterior neck swelling is one of the most common and considered symptoms of iodine deficiency. Specific goiter The thyroid gland then works harder than normal to make up for the iodine deficiency so it can produce its own hormones, causing it to grow in size beyond normal.
Unexpected weight gain
Thyroid hormones help control the metabolic rate, as the body converts food into energy and heat. If there is a deficiency of iodine, the thyroid hormones decrease and the body burns fewer calories, which leads to weight gain.
fatigue and weakness
The body needs different minerals to produce energy and of course iodine is one of these minerals and therefore its deficiency leads to a decrease in energy production, which leads to weakness and fatigue.
Iodine deficiency can prevent hair follicle regeneration, and fortunately, getting enough iodine can help correct hair follicles. Hair loss: what happens due to iodine deficiency.
Dryness and peeling of the skin
Iodine helps regeneration of skin cells, helps with sweating, and moisturizes skin cells so the occurrence of iodine deficiency can lead to dry skin, flaking and reduced sweating.
Iodine helps produce energy and raise your body temperature, making you feel cooler than usual at low levels.
Change in heart rate
An iodine deficiency can slow the heart rate, causing weakness, fatigue, and dizziness, and put a person at risk for heart disease. Dim .
Difficulty learning and remembering
Thyroid hormones support brain growth and development, so iodine deficiency, which in turn leads to hormone deficiency, causes memory and learning difficulties.
Adequate iodine intake is especially important for pregnant and lactating women, as they have a greater need for iodine and severe iodine deficiency can have side effects, especially for children, for example B. growth disorders and developmental disorders in the brain.
Some women with iodine deficiency may experience heavy or irregular periods because low levels of thyroid hormones can affect the hormones that help regulate the menstrual cycle.
Who are most at risk of iodine deficiency?
Up to a third of the world’s population is at risk of iodine deficiency. Risk factors include:
- pregnant woman.
- People who do not use iodized salt .
- People who follow a vegetarian diet.
- Inhabitants of areas where the soil is very low in iodine, including South Asia, Southeast Asia, New Zealand and European countries.