Treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency – medical information for every day


Treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency – medical information for every day

Sodium and potassium are very important elements and it is important to have them in reasonable proportions in the body, otherwise their deficiency will cause a lot of problems. Hyponatremia can occur when a person does not get enough potassium through food and hyponatremia occurs when the level of sodium in the blood is low. Treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency through the following article.

Symptoms of low sodium and potassium

Symptoms of low sodium

Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include:

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • headache;
  • Loss of energy, drowsiness, fatigue.
  • insomnia.
  • muscle weakness
  • cramps.
  • coma.

Symptoms of potassium deficiency

Potassium deficiency can occur when a person does not get enough potassium from their diet. Severe vomiting or diarrhea and some medications can increase the risk of deficiency. Symptoms of potassium deficiency include:

  • Constipation;
  • muscle weakness
  • extreme fatigue;
  • Hypertension.


Treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency

How do you treat hyponatremia?

Treatment of hyponatremia depends on the cause of this deficiency; If hyponatraemia is caused by drinking large amounts of water, your doctor may recommend reducing your daily fluid intake, and if it is due to the use of diuretics. Your doctor may recommend adjusting the dose of diuretics currently used. However, if a person has severe sodium deficiency, a doctor may recommend the following:

  • Intravenous sodium solutions, which are used to slowly increase the level of sodium in the blood, as a rapid increase in sodium levels can lead to serious complications.
  • Medicines to treat symptoms associated with low blood sodium levels such as nausea and headache.

How to treat potassium deficiency

Treatment for potassium deficiency varies from person to person, depending on the extent of this deficiency. If the deficiency of potassium in the blood is simple, it can be treated as follows:

  • Take a potassium supplement every day.
  • Reducing the dose of any medication may lower potassium levels.
  • Eat fruits and vegetables rich in potassium.
  • Take medicines that may increase the level of potassium in the blood, such as ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, but under medical supervision.

However, if hypokalemia is severe, the doctor may recommend intravenous administration of potassium, but care must be taken as the patient may be given too much, leading to increased potassium in the blood and causing increased potassium levels as severe complications in The heart and the muscles.

After we got acquainted with the treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency, we learned about their importance for the body.

What is the meaning of sodium and potassium?

The importance of sodium

Sodium is a food flavoring and preservative because bacteria cannot thrive in large amounts of it, and the human body needs a small amount of sodium to contract and relax muscles and to maintain water and mineral balance.


The importance of potassium

Potassium is an essential nutrient that the body needs to function, including helping to maintain a heartbeat. Severe potassium deficiency is known as hypokalemia and occurs when a person’s potassium level falls below 3.6 mL/L and doctors classify the person as hypokalemia. Concentrations are less than 2.5 mL/L.

Well dear reader, you know that the treatment of sodium and potassium deficiency, if you experience any of the mentioned symptoms, then you should see your doctor quickly, who will treat you accordingly, 


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